Tag Archive for diabetes




Most of us consume around 6 to 18 grams (equivalent to 1 to 3 teaspoons) of salt every day.  If you have been diagnosed with diabetes it’s important to limit your sodium intake to help prevent or control high blood pressure.

Recommendations by the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggest limiting your sodium consumption to less than 2,300 mg a day.  The AHA (American Heart Association) takes a more cautious approach and recommends no more than 1,500 mg a day.

How do you measure sodium?

  • 28 grams = one ounce
  • 1 gram = 1,000 milligrams
  • 5.5 grams of sodium = 1 teaspoon

High sodium foods

Although most foods include sodium the majority of sodium is added during the processing of prepared and prepackaged food products.  Here are some examples:

  • Meats – Bacon, breakfast sausage, ham, cold cuts (bologna), Canadian bacon, corned beef, hot dogs, Polish and Italian sausages
  • Fish –  Canned tuna, salmon, sardines; commercially frozen, prebreaded, or smoked fish; canned shellfish
  • Canned foods – Vegetables, soups, vegetable and tomato juices
  • Prepared or premixed products – Boxed macaroni and cheese, potato mixes, TV dinners, frozen entrees
  • Snacks – Salted crackers, pretzels, potato chips, commercially-prepared baked goods (for example, cookies and doughnuts)
  • Other foods, such as olives, pickles, commercially-prepared salad dressings, soy and steak sauces, cheeses

There are many tasty alternatives now available with lower sodium content.  Try adding fresh spices and herbs for a tasty surprise!  Salt substitutes are also available.  When you purchase food items, don’t forget to look for NA or NACl, or sodium or sodium chloride on the label.  This will indicate sodium is in the food and will give you an accurate measurement.

For more information and tips on how you can manage diabetes and sodium in your diet, please contact the expert physicians of Dominion Internal Medicine at (540) 878-5408 or visit www.dominioninternalmedicine.com.  Most insurances accepted and Dominion Internal Medicine is now accepting new patients!

References:  http://ssov3.staywellsolutionsonline.com/Conditions/Diabetes/Managing/Eating/85,P00352

 Compassionate Care for a Healthy Heart, Body, and Mind

Know your Numbers!

May is National High Blood Pressure Month!  High blood pressure, also known as hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is elevated.  If this pressure goes undetected overtime it has the potential to damage the body in many ways.

In this article http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hbp/ from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute it shows about 1 in 3 adults has high blood pressure.  You can have high blood pressure for years and never know it as high blood pressure does not always cause symptoms.  It’s important to know your numbers even if you feel great!

Numbers to Know

Systolic number (Top Number) – This number is the blood pressure reading when the heart beats while pumping blood.

Diastolic number (Bottom Number) – This number is the blood pressure reading when the heart is at rest between beats.


Systolic Number


Diastolic Number



Less than 120


Less than 80





High Blood Pressure

Stage 1




Stage 2

160 or higher


100 or higher

High blood pressure tends to develop with age.  Living a healthy lifestyle will help some delay or prevent this rise in blood pressure.  If you do have high blood pressure it’s important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, monitor your pressure with visits to your doctor and following your treatment plan.  For more information on high blood pressure please contact the expert physicians of Dominion Internal Medicine @ (540) 878-5408.

Compassionate Care for a Healthy Heart, Body and Mind

Are You at Risk for Diabetes?

Are you suffering from any of the following symptoms?

  • Extreme Hunger
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Frequent Urination
  • Very Dry Skin
  • Feeling Tired
  • Tingling or Numbness in the Hands or Feet
  • Sudden Vision Changes
  • Unexplained Weight Loss

Diabetes is a condition in which our bodies don’t process food properly for use as energy.  Most food we consume is turned into glucose, or sugar.  The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help flow the glucose into our cells.  When you have diabetes, your body either does not make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin as it should.  This causes sugars to build up in your blood.

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, it might be time to have your neighborhood physicians (at Dominion Internal Medicine) check them out!  It’s fast and easy and same day appointments are available.  Diabetes can cause serious health problems including blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, and lower-extremity amputations.  Do you know diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States today?  It’s time to take care of you!

Call Dominion Internal Medicine today @ 540-878-5408 to schedule a same day appointment or simply for more information.

Compassionate Care for a Healthy Heart, Body and Mind

Now accepting CareFirst!